Sitemap

2019.07.17

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.202:There are still large numbers of children waiting to enter nursery facilities in urban areas.

In this column series, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Research Director at CIGS introduces the latest information about aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan with data of international comparison.

As explained in Column No. 117, the shortage of nursery facilities has become a major political issue. New data released by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare indicate that the number of children waiting to enter nursery facilities decreased by 23.7% from April 2017 to April 2018 (i.e., from 26,081 to 19,895, respectively) (Figure 1). In addition, the number of children aged 0 to 5 who were using a nursery facility rose from 42.4% to 44.1% over the same period.

The evidence indicates that these changes resulted from government subsidies and deregulations designed to increase the number of nursery facilities. As shown in Figure 2, the number of nursery facilities increased from 32,793 in 2017 to 34,763 in 2018. However, these facilities are still lacking in urban areas, where populations are more concentrated. As shown in Figure 3, 9,222 of 19,895 children are waiting to enter nursery facilities in the South Kanto region, which is comprised of the four prefectures of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba.


Figure 1. Number of children waiting to enter nursery facilities and utilization ratios

No202_fig1.png
Source: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare

Figure 2. Number of nursery facilities and facility users

No202_fig2.png
Source: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare

Figure 3. Geographical distribution of children waiting to enter nursery facilities

No202_fig3.png
Source: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare

Related Column Series

see more

Yukihiro MATSUYAMA , Other Column Series

see more

back to Column Series