COP21 marked a remarkable success ironing out the Paris Agreement. At the same time, it has also left huge challenges to the future, in particular, very ambitious "1.5-2.0 degrees" temperature targets and "emissions/removal balance in the second half of this century" objective.
The Paris Agreement has introduced "global stock take" to narrow a huge gap between top-down/unrealistic temperature targets (and mitigation pathways for achieving them) and bottom-up/pragmatic pledge and review process.
However, it is extremely unlikely that these two approaches will converge in the foreseeable future since each country's NDC is driven by its own specific national circumstances rather than global temperature target. At least, the UN negotiation process will never close the gap.
Innovation is the only solution. It is encouraging that the role of innovation has finally been clearly recognized in the Paris Agreement Article 10-5 which reads "Accelerating, encouraging and enabling innovation is critical for an effective, long-term global response to climate change and promoting economic growth and sustainable development. Such effort shall be, as appropriate, supported, including by the Technology Mechanism and, through financial means, by the Financial Mechanism of the Convention, for collaborative approaches to research and development, and facilitating access to technology, in particular for early stages of the technology cycle, to developing country Parties. Accelerating, encouraging and enabling innovation is critical for an effective, long-term global response to climate change and promoting economic growth and sustainable development. Such effort shall be, as appropriate, supported, including by the Technology Mechanism and, through financial means, by the Financial Mechanism of the Convention, for collaborative approaches to research and development, and facilitating access to technology, in particular for early stages of the technology cycle, to developing country Parties".
However, judging from the past experience, the UN is the least suitable fora to address the issue of innovation. Given that only a few number of countries account for nearly all cutting edge clean technologies, it is meaningless to address this issue at the UN engaging 190+ countries.
The necessary innovation will not occur in the bureaucratic and inefficient UN process, but from the RD&D efforts by the public and private sectors of limited number countries with innovation capability. The issue is how to trigger innovations through domestic enabling policy environment in such countries and possible international collaboration among them.
On 2 June 2016, at the inaugural Mission Innovation (MI) Ministerial, 21 ministers from all MI partners released their respective governments7 plans to double clean energy R&D funding over 5 years from currently totaling approximately $15 billion per year to around $30 billion per year by 2021. They also adopted an Enabling Framework (see attached) and agreed to a mission statement to help provide a foundation for accelerated progress. This is all encouraging. At the same time, since each MI partner independently determines a strategy for clean energy innovation funding based on individual national resources, needs and circumstances and MI partners are encouraged collaborate on joint research and capacity building where mutual interest exists, it is relevant to explore good practices in such areas as;
13:30 - 13:35
|Mr. Toshihiko Fukui, President, The Canon Institute of Global Studies|
13:35 - 13:45
|Background of CIGS Project on Climate Change (TBD)
The Canon Institute of Global Studies
13:45 - 14:15
|The Role of Innovation for Long-term GHG Mitigation (TBD)
Dr. Carlo Carraro, Director, Sustainable Development, ENI and Enrico Mattei Foundation, Vice Chair of Working Group III of IPCC, Italy
14:15 - 14:45
|A Road toward Zero Emission Society
Dr. Yoichi Kaya, President, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE), Japan
14:45 - 15:15
|The Role of Domestic Policy on Energy Innovation
Dr. Laura Diaz Anadon, University Lecturer in Public Policy, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, UK
15:15 - 15:45
|How to Realize "Innovation Club" (TBD)
Dr. David Victor, Professor, International Relations, School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), US
15:45 - 16:00
16:00 - 16:55
Moderator: Dr. Jun ARIMA, Professor, Graduate School of Public Policy (GrasPP), The University of Tokyo
Panelists: all the above 4 speakers + Dr. Masaru Yarime Project Associate Professor, GrasPP, The University of Tokyo
Issues for discussion include;
⇒How could the government strike a balance between prioritizing government RD&D on areas where the country has (could have) competitive advantage and maintaining wide spectrum of RD&D which couldeventually bring about unimaginable combination leading to innovative energy & environment technologies?
⇒What kind of domestic policy environment is necessary to stimulate RD&D of high-risk but innovative energy and environment technologies in the private sector?
⇒Don't we need not only technology specific support but also non-technology specific support scheme inducing innovation we don't yet know?
⇒If that is the case, what kind of non-technology specific policies could be envisaged to capture wide range of unknown technology seeds?
⇒What are strong and weak points of existing international collaborative initiatives (e.g., US-China Clean Technology Collaboration, GIF, ITER)? Are there good models?
⇒Which area will be a good candidate for "innovation club"?
⇒How to overcome various challenges for effective international collaboration?
- Conflict between collaboration and competition
- Countries' inclination to "home-made technologies"
- Differences of legal framework, policy and regulatory environment among countries
- Conflicting national interests in geopolitical and "geoeconomical" competition
- Trade barriers for energy and environmental technologies
- Designing issues of technology collaboration (e.g., sharing financial commitment, sharing outcome such as IPR)
- Should clean technologies be regarded as "public good", which should not be monopolized?
16:55 - 17:00
17:00 - 18:00
|This Networking Reception is open to everyone attending the symposium.|
|日時||2016年10月7日（金） 13:30 - 17:00 （13:00 受付開始）|
東京大学大学院 情報学環・福武ホール 地下２階
都営大江戸線 本郷三丁目駅 徒歩7分
東京メトロ丸ノ内線 本郷三丁目駅 徒歩8分
東京メトロ千代田線 湯島駅 徒歩20分
東京メトロ南北線 東大前駅 徒歩10分